Caucasus Mountains

The Caucasus mountain system stretches for 550 miles between the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, forming a natural southern barrier between Asia and Europe. To the north are the plains of Russia. To the south are the mountainous regions of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. Though comparable in character to the European Alps, the Caucasus are considerably higher, averaging 6,000 - 9,000 feet and rising to 18,481 in Mount Elbrus. The Caucasus consists of a number of short ridges, some parallel, and some curved horse-shoe ridges whose rocky peaks enclose great glacier-filled basins. The backbone of the system is a long narrow crest that is only crossed by four major passes. Caucasus weather is generally precipitous and seldom settled, particularly in the west, where the climate is strongly affected by the Black Sea. The Caucasus is comprised of three primary regions: the Central, Western, and Eastern Caucasus.

Peaks of Caucasus Mountains

Check out any of the following peaks for additional information: