Scandinavia/European Arctic

The mountains of Scandinavia are primarily in Norway, with some of these mountains spilling over into western Sweden. In Norway, mountains cover 70 percent of the land, and glaciers are plentiful. The coastline is deeply indented, and rugged mountains rise abruptly from the sea. This is particularly true off the north coast, where eighty islands hold towering cliffs and peaks, many 4,000 feet high. Generally elevation of the Norwegian mountains is not high, but the height above base makes these mountains considerable climbs. The highest peaks of Norway are in a south central mountain group called Jotunheimen, "Home of the Giants," eighty miles northwest of Lillehammer. Here, hundreds of sharp peaks, separated by deep narrow valleys, rise above 6,000 feet, and there are more than sixty glaciers. The highest peaks are Galdhoppigen (8100 ft/2469 m) and Glittertind (8084 ft/2464 m). Norway's highest waterfall, tumbling nearly 1,000 feet, is also located in this area.  In West Norway, 340 square miles are blanked by the Jostedalsbre Icefield, the largest icefield on the European mainland. The icefield rises to 6,700 feet, and sends 24 steep glaciers into the surrounding valleys. North of the Arctic Circle, mountaineering is expeditionary due to the area's remoteness and inaccessibility. The highest peak here is Jiekkevarre (6,014 ft.). Heavy precipitation and cold weather are a factor here, and to a lesser degree are also a factor throughout the country. The highest peak in Sweden is Kebnekaise (6926 ft/2111m). The highest peak in Finland is Halti (4357 ft./1328m).

Peaks of Scandinavia/European Arctic

Check out any of the following peaks for additional information: