Hekla is a perpetually snow-covered volcano in southern Iceland. It is the most active volcano on the island, having erupted over twenty times since 1104. Some of the eruptions caused much loss of life. Major eruptions occurred in 1300, 1766, and 1947. The most recent eruption was in 1991. Because of its eruptive tendencies, Hekla is said in Icelandic folklore to be the gateway to Hell, and many local legends center upon its fierceness. New data! From http://volcano.und.nodak.edu. On 26 February 2000, Iceland's most famous volcano, Mt. Hekla, began erupting at 1819 GMT. The seismic networks of the Science Institute, University of Iceland and the Iceland Meteorological Office recorded a short-term precursory earthquake activity. A seismograph near the summit of Hekla beginning at 1700 detected small earthquakes. Thunder, lightening, and earth tremors accompanied the eruption. A 6-7 km long fissure appeared and a steam column rose nearly 15 km (45,000 feet) into the sky. A discontinuous curtain of fire emanated from the entire fissure. The lava flows down the slopes of Hekla and covers a large part of the Hekla ridge. One lava stream flowed from the eruptive fissure towards the north. A more active lava stream emanates from three craters near the southern end of the eruptive fissure. On February 27, this lava stream was several kilometers long and was advancing at a rate of about a meter per minute. The Coast Guard reported that the new lava covers a stretch of about 3-4 km at its longest. The maximum thickness of the ash sector, 21 km north of the volcano, was 4-5 cm when measured 7 hours after the onset of the eruption. Most of the ash fell in uninhabited areas in the interior of Iceland. The eruption reached its peak intensity in the first hour of the activity. Presently, the lava flows and ash fall pose little danger to human settlement. Geologists said the activity could continue for about a month.
|Best months for climbing:||Jul, Aug, Sep|
|Nearest major airport:||Reykjavik, Iceland|
|Convenient Center:||Vik, Iceland|
NOTE: Trip reports were previously called "Summit Logs" - same feature, new name
There are 3 trip reports for Hekla.
Select any entry from the list below:
- Log #2832 - by
Steve Skelhon on Nov 23, 2003Lesley McGroarty, Peter Robinson and Steve Skelhon were on the top at 5pm Saturday 26 th July 2003. The weather was fantastic and we had a clear view throughout 360 degrees.
- Log #2833 - by José on Sep 08, 2002The first third of the climb was tough, though we were blessed with great weather and the snow was crispy enough to give us good footing. The lava fields presented a second difficult phase though not...
- Log #2834 - by an anonymous user on Feb 25, 1999We crossed Iceland by mountainbike. We summited Hekla by midnight having daylight. We wondered about the fog on the summit because it was a clear night. We were not aware of the fact that Hekla is an...