|Range/Region:||Central Montana Rockies|
|Best months for climbing:||Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep|
|Nearest major airport:||Great Falls, MT|
|Convenient Center:||Saint Mary, MT|
Thanks to Ronald James for adding this peak.
Goat Mountain is located in the drier eastern half of Glacier National Park 6 miles east of the Continental Divide. It is situated directly east of Going-to-the-Sun Mountain and separated by Baring Creek. The featureless southwest slope is talus and scree and of a moderate angle. The west face rises abruptly over two thousand feet from Goat Lake which lies in the southeast cirque. Goat Mountain is a relatively straightforward ascent, which due to its close proximity to the Going-to-the Sun Road makes it a fairly simple day hike of slightly more than 4000 feet of elevation gain from the trailhead near St. Mary Lake.
The approach starts from the Going-to-the-Sun Road at the west end of Saint Mary Lake at Sunrift Gorge parking area, elevation 4670 feet. Follow the Siyeh Pass Trail for about 1.5 mile as it climbs through the Baring Creek valley. After clearing tree line, the trail makes a major switchback at 5800 feet elevation. Shortly thereafter, leave the trail and climb cross-country in a northeast direction to the summit, staying near the gully which trends northeast heading directly to the summit. This southwest face is of moderate angle and there is a considerable amount of scree. Take an ice axe if climbing in the spring, but by early summer this slope has quickly cleared of snow. There are great views from the summit of the surrounding peaks and east to the plains. Camping is available at Rising Sun campground 5 miles east below the mountain.
The sedimentary rock of Goat Mountain was shaped by 1.6 billion years of geologic processes from sediment deposition, uplift, thrust faulting, and erosion by glaciers. The major geologic event that sculpted the landscape of Goat Mountain and the other peaks in Glacier National Park began approximately 2 million years ago when large ice sheets of the Pleistocene Ice Age repeatedly advanced and retreated until about 12,000 years ago.
Goat Mountain was named by G. B. Grinnell, James Willard "Apikuni" Schultz, and Yellow Fish for the abundance of mountain goats they encountered there.
Thanks to Ronald James for this description.